If you’re passionate about hunting and everything connected with stalking and hounding, then you know the indispensability of a crossbow. A hunting crossbow or simply a crossbow is one hunting tool that those still on the learning curve, can use to the hilt. For a start, you’ll not have to put in too much effort for making the most of a crossbow.
However, like with all other types of weapons, you’ll need to practice consistently for using the crossbow effectively and accurately. Though you’ll find different crossbow brands in the market; you can create your crossbow if you so like. Contrary to what you think, making a crossbow is remarkably easy, provided you follow the steps carefully.
This article will guide you on how to make a hunting crossbow
- 1 The Hunting Crossbow: The Constituent Parts
- 2 Making a Crossbow: The Integrated Steps
- 3 Conclusion
The Hunting Crossbow: The Constituent Parts
The bow, stock, and trigger are the distinct parts of a crossbow, and the bolt or arrow is a separate component that is fired through the crossbow.
The string and the arched limb comprise the bow and can also be referred to as the framework. The curved ends of the bow tethered to the stock on either end are the crossbow’s limbs or arms. The potential energy required for firing the arrows comes from the limbs, and higher the PE, the greater is the shooting force.
There are two types of bows or crossbows: recurve bows and compound bows. Compound crossbows tend to be stiffer than the recurve models as the limbs of the former are tauter. Crossbows are generally shaped out of fiberglass owing to the material’s durability and resilience.
Nevertheless, you’ll be better off using PVC or wood for your DIY project.
The bow, as well as the remaining components, are tethered to the stock. The stock lets you shoulder and holds the crossbow firmly for aiming perfectly at your target. An ergonomically designed stock enables you to have a rock-solid grip, allowing you to shoot arrows with greater accuracy.
The trigger which is built into the stock helps you to shoot the bolt. You use the trigger for pulling the string and keeping it in place before firing the arrow. Then cock the crossbow and pull the trigger backward for drawing the string and creating sufficient tension for releasing the arrow at a very high speed.
You should design the trigger in a way that it can keep the string firmly in position and check accident release.
The missiles or darts that you fire from the crossbow are known as arrows. It is crucial that the arrows should match the crossbow in terms of size as unduly light or heavy arrows could prevent you from taking a perfect aim. Adding feathers and a notch on the arrows allow them to dart faster and in the desired direction.
You’ll need the following essentials or materials for making your hunting crossbow:
- String or cord
- Carpenter’s saw with sharp tooth
- Hardwood planks
- Wood Glue
- Wood rasp file
- Measuring tape
Making a Crossbow: The Integrated Steps
1. Making the constituents or components of the bow
An experienced archer or bowman will be able to craft a crossbow using ropes and a knife when he’s out hunting in the forest. He can use bamboo shoots or stems (to substitute for wooden planks) for making the limb. Two to three stems approximately one meter in length and having a diameter of approximately 1-and-a-half- inch will suffice.
In case the hunter is not carrying ropes, he can fashion cords from the bark of maple, cedar or birch trees. Alternatively, he can use leaves of agave, yucca, or cattail plants for making ropes. However, you have the luxury of using PVC tubes or wooden boards for shaping the bow’s limb.
Keep all the above supplies ready for effectively completing all the steps in ‘How to make a hunting crossbow.’
2. Create the limb first
Regardless of whether you’re in the wild or at home, the limb construction process would be nearly the same. The only difference is in the material-you’ll use bamboo stems while you’re in the woods and PVC pipe when you’re at home. Get hold of a PVC tube with a diameter of one inch and measuring 38-40 inches in length.
Bore a hole using a drill on both ends of the tube at a distance of exactly one inch from the endpoints or extremities. The string or rope that will be fastened to the bow will pass through these holes.
3. Next, build the stock
You’ll need hardwood floorboards sourced from maple or cedar tree for building the stock. Use the saw for creating a wooden board measuring thirty inches long, two inches broad, and 2 inches tall. Now, position this board in the same way you’d hold a crossbow and estimate the optimal spot of the trigger.
Once you’ve decided where the trigger will be situated, mark the position or the area. You’ll have to make use of the wood rasp, chisel, and drill alternately for creating a rectangular opening having a width of 3/4th inch and length of three inches. Use the sandpaper for leveling around the hole and after that guess the middle of the stock.
Create a conduit with depth or deepness of roughly one-fourth inch that connects the stock’s frontage with the hole for the trigger. Make sure the hollowness of the channel is sufficient for the arrow to sit comfortably that’ll help in the smooth shooting. Carve out another outlet at a distance of around one inch from the stock’s frontend.
4. Now construct the trigger
A small wooden plank section will suffice when it comes to crafting the trigger. Carve out the board piece in the shape of an “L” with the carpenter’s saw. Chip the plank carefully so that its thickness is a bit under a ¾ inch, height is 3-4 inches and width is about 1 inch.
After that, make a passage of approximately 1/8th of an inch going down the exterior part of the plank’s base. Next drill an opening at the L’s intersection for inserting the rivet that will fasten the stock to the trigger.
5. Finally, make the bolt or arrow
Once you’re through with constructing the basic components of the crossbow, it is now time to make the projectiles. You can craft arrows out of dowel pins made of plastic or wood. Ensure that the length of the bolt is more than the extent or span between the trigger and the bow’s frontend. Hew, chop and slash at one end of the dowel using the saw and the chisel to make it extremely pointed.
Create an indentation or incision at the dowel’s other end and cap on a metal notch — slit in and glue feathers on each side of the indented end.
6. Fitting the distinct components together
Slot in the PVC tube through the hole at the stock’s front end and check whether it is secured firmly and positioned in the center. Now, slip in the string from the ends of the limb, make knots and fasten them strongly. Fastening the string at either end of the limb will bend the crossbow inwardly to a considerable extent.
Next, position the trigger inside the stock’s rectangular opening so that it is perfectly aligned with the stock. After that, draw the string backward for placing onto the trigger and leave it on the trigger’s furrow. At last, position the notched end of the arrow on the cord and see to it that the bolt sits comfortably in the crossbow’s channel.
You’re now ready to shoot and hunt!
Building your hunting crossbow will come in perfectly handy for hunting as well as for defending yourself. Additionally, going DIY for making a crossbow allows you to save the amount you’d spent on buying a commercial product. You can use that money for purchasing high quality materials including but not limited to wood planks, saw chisel, and drill. To say the last but not the least, the satisfaction of having created your crossbow from ground zero cannot be expressed in words.